Introduction

 

 

Construction and Operation of the Ohio and Erie Canal

    "On July 22, 1825, the Cleveland Herald welcomed the German and Irish immigrants who had come to Ohio after completing New York's Erie Canal."  The German and Irish immigrants joined with local farmers and laborers who were already working on the Ohio and Erie canal.  The immigrants were paid 30 cents a day and by 1825, more than 2,000 men were working on the canal.  At the time of the early 1800's Ohio wilderness was very thick and to build a canal, the men had to chop through the forest.  The builders of the canal used picks, shovels, and wheelbarrows.  "When completed in 1832, the canal had cost $4,244, 540.  This averaged just less than $15,000 per mile."  Operation of the canal lasted throughout the 19th century.  The death or end of the canal resulted from railroad construction and the speed of trains for faster transportation.  In 1913, a serious flood washed away the Ohio and Erie Canal forever.